FOSSIL FUELS AND SOURCES OF FOSSIL FUEL

 FOSSIL FUELS

 

Fossil fuels are formed Irom the organic

remains of prehistoriC plants and animals.

They are responsible for much of the world’s

electric power and total energy demands.

Fossil fuel comprises mainly of coal, oil and

gas. These three were formed millions of years

ago beneath the earth’s surface from the

decomposed bodies of dead plants and

animals.

Crude oil is also referred to as petroleum. It is

extract from the ground through the use of

pipes thereby making it less costly to

transport

Natural gas is used in power plants to

generate electricity. It is also used in many

home heating systems to provide warm air

during the cold winter season.

The liquid fuelling most cars, indeed most

internal combustion engines, and the oils that

lubricate them are at least in part derived

from plants

oil used is a result of the compression over

millions of years of minute sea dwelling

animàls and plants that once lived on earth.

The petrol and that had been subjected to intense pressure and heat. and has brought about chemical and physieal changes to end up as oils.Fossils could be referred to as the remains of plants and consolidated sediments of the earth over

million of years.

In fossil fuels,carbohydrates and other

carbon compounds are broken down into

series of compounds known as hydrocarbons

which easily combine with oxygern to produce

heat e.g. Coal, petrol, etc.

Coal has unlimited use as a source of energy.

raw material in the production of gases.

bitumen and tar.It is fossilized plants.

Advantages of Fossil Fuels

A major advantage of fossil fuels is their

capacity to generate huge amounts of

 

electricity in just a single location.

 

Fossil fuels are very easy to find.

When coal is used in power plants, they

are very cost effective. Coal is also in abundant supply.

Transporting oil and gas to the power

stations can be made through the use of pipes making it an easy task.

 

Power plants that utilize gas are very

efficient.

 

Power stations that make use of fossil

fuel can be constructed in almost any

location. This is possible as long as large quantities of fuel can be easily brought to the

power plants.

 

Disadvantages of Fossil Fuels

 

Pollution is a major disadvantage of fossil fuels. This is because they give off

carbon dioxide when burned thereby causing

a greenhouse effect. This is also the main

contributory factor to the global warming

experienced by the earth today.

Additionally, it gives off sulphur dioxide, a

kind of gas that creates acid rain. Coal also produces carbon dioxide when burned compared to burning oil or gas.

Additionally, it gives off sulphur dioxide, a

kind of gas that creates acid rain.

Environmentally, the mining of coal results in the destruction of wide areas of

land. Mining this fossil fuel is also difficult

and may endanger the lives of miners. Coal

mining is

dangerous jobs in the world considered one of the most Powerstations that utilize coal needl largeamounts of fuel. In other words, they not

only need truckloads but trainloads of coal on

a regular basis to continue operating and

generating electricity. This only means that

Coal-fired power plants should have reserves

ol coal in a large area near the plant’s

location.

Use of natural gas can cause unpleasant Odors and some problems especially with

transportation.

 

 

Updated: January 19, 2020 — 8:07 pm

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